Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that can cause social, communication, behavioural and intellectual challenges in a child.There is a wide range of characteristics for ASD and no two children will appear to behave similarly. Every child on the spectrum has unique abilities, symptoms and challenges.
Common characteristics of ASD include:
- Difﬁculties relating to people
- Communication difﬁculties
- Repetitive behaviours and interest
Every child develops differently, while some developmental stages may occur with slight delay, others are warning signs that may need immediate attention. If your child shows any of these signs, please sign up for an assessment.
- Does not make eye contact with parents or their caregiver
- No big smiles or warm, joyful expression by six months or thereafter
- No facial imitation such as sticking out tongue or playing simple games such as 'peek-a-boo' and 'High 5' by nine months
- No babbling by twelve months
- Does not know how to play with toys or plays non-functionally
- Failure to respond or inconsistent response to name calling
- No gesturing such as pointing, showing, reaching or waving by twelve months
- No words or only occasional words by eighteen months
Diagnosis and Treatment
A diagnosis can be made on a child as early as eighteen months. A medical test is not necessary to diagnose ASD. ASD is diagnosed by observing behavioural and developmental symptoms in a child. Once a diagnosis has been made, areas that need to be focused on in the child will be identiﬁed and intervention options will be suggested.
Treatment for ASD would involve a multidisciplinary approach depending on the needs of the child. They can include occupational therapy, speech and language therapy, behaviour therapy, social skills training, educational intervention programs and pharmacotherapy.
- Assessment and diagnosis for ASD
- Behaviour Therapy (BT)
The various facilities available include: